Ultralearning, after Young has the folllowing nine universal principles:

  1. metalearning
  2. Focus
  3. Directness
  4. Drill
  5. Retrieval
  6. Feedback
  7. Retention
  8. Intuition
  9. Experimentation

These principles should be treated as flexible guidelines, not rigid rules.


Young, S. (2019). Ultralearning: Master Hard Skills, Outsmart the Competition, and Accelerate Your Career (Illustrated edition). Harper Business.